THERE ARE 4 PEER RESPONSES DUE – EACH SET OF 2 HAS ITS OWN INSTRUCTIONS
Guided Response: Review several of your peers’ posts. Respond to two peers, offering a reflection of the bag from the perspective of a family member who used it with their child. Describe what the strengths are about their bag for addressing the concept of literacy development. Is there anything you would do differently? Constructively provide that feedback for your peer as well. For example, you might say, “The questions were well written and help extend the content in the story,” or, “The story was engaging, however it was rather difficult and long to read. I might recommend a story that fits the developmental level more appropriately.”
Additionally, suggest one way that the peer can supplement their bag by including an activity for a non-English speaking child and family. As with prior discussions, though two replies is the basic expectation, for deeper engagement and learning you are encouraged to provide responses to any comments or questions others have given to you. This will further the conversation and provide you with opportunities to demonstrate your content expertise, critical thinking, and real-world experiences with the topic of literacy.
RAILYN’S POWERPOINT IS ATTACHED (FEELINGS POWER POINT)
WANDA’S POWERPOINT IS ATTACHED (ECE 203 WEEK 5 DISCUSSION)
In your responses to no fewer than two of your classmates, compare and contrast your respective responses to the Perry study and illustrative examples, offering constructive criticism of your respective arguments and conclusions. Additionally, identify any insights you have gained as a result of reading the responses of others.
Cognitive Maltreatment and Neural Development
The neural development system is very important during brain development, especially for children in their early life as the brain and nervous system are developing. Brain development slows down after childbirth and continues to develop and forming connections throughout our lifespan (Mossler and Zeigler, 2016). According to Mossler and Zeigler (2016), the neuron is the basic building block of the nervous system. These neurons communicate by releasing neurotransmitters into the synaptic gap that exists between sending and receiving neurons. Mossler and Zeigler (2016), continues by explaining that synaptic growth is stimulated through both maturation and experience. So, it is important that as our children grow, we help them have a safe and healthy lifestyle. However, it is also important to know that during neural development processes any impact such as accidents and maltreatment can affect our brain/ neural development. Some examples of maltreatment are all forms of child abuse which include, physical, emotional, sexual abuse, and neglect. All these types of abuse can affect a child’s neural development. According to Perry (2009) “The majority of these children do not receive adequate mental health services; indeed, most are not even known to be maltreated or traumatized. Sadly, I had witnessed an incident at work in which a child suffered from malnutrition. As social workers are mandated, reporters. My staff went twice to a home visit and noticed that the child looked weak and down, the second visit she brought the child some food and asked some questions to follow up on his well-being. The three-year-old child reported that he could not remember when and what he last ate. After investigation and calls to DCFS, the child was removed and was reported that due to the malnutrition the child had iron deficiency which resulted in affecting his cognitive and motor skills. Sadly, there are a lot of cases that go unseen in today’s society. I am glad during this pandemic, schools are offering free food and meals in the community. As we can see, not providing adequate meals can disrupt neural development and can even cause developmental, and other problems such as depression and anxiety due to lack of food. Also, “trauma, neglect, and related experiences of maltreatment such as prenatal exposure to drugs or alcohol… (Perry, 2009). This shows that even during prenatal development as parents we need to be aware that our choices can affect the neural development of our child/ren.
Analyzing Perry’s study, the child’s brain is sensitive and like a sponge. Their brains can be affected by life positive or negative experiences. Perry’s approach to the neurosequential model of Therapeutics (NMT) “allows identification of the key systems and areas in the brain which have been impacted by adverse developmental experiences and helps target the selection and sequence of therapeutic, enrichment, and educational activities (Perry, 2009).” Perry system re-align many of the neurons that were damaged due to trauma or maltreatment from abuse through therapeutic approach and educational enrichment. There are three central elements of the model which are NMT developmental history, a current assessment of functioning, and a set of recommendations for interventions and enrichment that arise from the process. The strength I find in this study is that it is client-centered. The information gathered is geared directly for the client allowing the therapist to obtain information from prenatal care, birth, any attachment issues, and ability to identify resiliency or vulnerability that impacted the client’s functional development. I find NMT “Mapping” the most important and interested, to be able to visually identify areas in the brain that have been impacted by trauma. Lastly the ability to provide recommendations and tools to help manage and cope with maltreatment abuse is phenomenal. I feel that the limit in this approach is not having enough therapists, social workers, and individuals that come into contact with maltreatment aware and educated on this approach. I feel we need to educate professionals in this approach to help their communities.
Mossler, R. A., & Ziegler, M. (2016). Understanding development: A lifespan perspective. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Perry, B. D. (2009). Examining child maltreatment through a neurodevelopmental lens: Clinical applications of the neurosequential mode of therapeutics. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 14(4), 240-255.
Cognitive Maltreatment and Neural Development
Development is a fascinating thing; it always astonishes me how the body works from before birth. The brain develops at a rapid pace as an embryo that by the end of the fourth week of gestation there are vessels that have been formed that later constitute the eye and the optic nerve. (Mossler & Ziegler, 2016). Therefore, it is of crucial importance that mom & dad live a healthy lifestyle before and during pregnancy. Anything that negatively interrupts this formation can negatively affect the newly forming embryo that will later be a newborn baby. There are parts of the brain that develop at different times making it even more important for mom to take care of herself during pregnancy If anything like drugs or alcohol disrupts this formation it can cause lasting effects throughout the child’s life (Perry, 2009).
Before pregnancy occurs, parents must live a healthy lifestyle if not the consequences can be catastrophic. I am the youngest of five siblings, and I learned from their mistakes. One of my sisters was married to an abusive man who was not only abusive but also consumed drugs and alcohol, during their relationship my sister became pregnant, she had a good pregnancy. However, when my niece was born the Doctors noticed that she had features of a child born with down syndrome; her ears were very small as were her facial features. As she developed Doctors confirmed that she was mildly down syndrome. As my niece grew, we were unaware of the problems that were about to arise. When my niece was eight years old, she began having difficulty reading, my sister thought that it was all due to her age and that sooner or later she would grow out of that faze. As time went by my niece got worse without knowing what was wrong with her my sister became very aggravated every time she helped my niece with her homework and she could not read words correctly if she was shown a picture of an animal she was able to identify it but she could not read the name of the same animal. After a few years, my sister decided to take my niece to a specialist because my niece continued getting worse. We later discovered that my niece was and continues to be dyslexic, she was also diagnosed with ADD as well as other neurological defects. Doctors confirmed that it was due to the heavy consumption of her dad’s drug and alcohol use when my sister became pregnant. Unfortunately, many are unaware of how the health of both parents affects the health of an unborn baby. Gladly after treatment and medication, my niece is functioning well as an adult. There are days in which she suffers emotional breakdowns but overall, she is doing well. My niece just finished nursing school and is currently a CNA working in a clinic and when needed at the hospital where she lives.
Perry’s study offers us an in-depth look at how fragile the development of the brain can be if not properly taken care of in utero and into adulthood. When a child lives in an abusive home and experiences fear, chaos, or any type of trauma their neurodevelopment is affected leading to compromised functioning (Perry, 2009). In Perry’s study, he looks into the child’s developmental history to find when and where the disfunction occurred to help reverse the effects of trauma with the use of therapy enriched, and educational activities (Perry, 2009). I see this approach as when a child scrapes his or her knee and after a time of caring for that knee with the proper medicine new skin begins to grow, and allows the knee to heal with healthy cells. Perry’s approach will help children that have suffered traumatic experiences restore the parts of their brain that were negatively affected.
The only limits that I see to this sort of approach are that there are not a lot of people aware of this type of approach and the positive effects it has on children who have suffered traumatic experiences. I feel more people need to be involved in this type of approach so that many who have suffered traumas can benefit from it. If my sister would have known of such an approach early in my niece’s development, I am more than sure she would have given my niece the help she needed earlier in her life.
Mossler, R. A., & Ziegler, M. (2016). Understanding development: A lifespan perspective. San
Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Perry, B. D. (2009). Examining child maltreatment through a neurodevelopmental lens: Clinical
applications of the neurosequential mode of therapeutics. Journal of Loss and trauma,