For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature.
Two at risk health issues that exercise can help with: Heart Disease & Type 2 Diabetes
Bradley University. (n.d.) The positive role nurses can play in preventative health care. Retrieved from https://onlinedegrees.bradley.edu/blog/the-positive-role-nurses-can-play-in-preventative-health-care/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020a). Heart disease facts. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020b). National diabetes statistic report. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/statistics-report.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fdiabetes%2Fdata%2Fstatistics-report%2Findex.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020c). Physical Activity Prevents Chronic Disease. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/infographic/physical-activity.htm#:~:text=Regular%20physical%
obese (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable death and is related to conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, etc. Heart Disease kills about 610,000 people a year in the United States which makes up roughly 25% of total deaths (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Physical activities are effective primary and secondary preventions for many preventable diseases such as those mentioned above. Lack of physical activity is a modifiable risk factor to these diseases and is something that nurses can easily encourage their patients to perform. It has been well documented regarding the benefits of physical activity; “increase levels of physical activity and fitness were found to have reductions in relative risk (by about 20%-35%) of death” (Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden, 2017). Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden (2017) found that recent literature suggests that physical activity was associated with greater than 50% reduction in risk factors. Nurses should start by encouraging regular physical activity. Start slow, and advance as tolerated. Patients shouldn’t overexert themselves especially when their condition limits their circulation and inhibits the flow of oxygen to the body. Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail (2018 suggests that people should “work [their] way up to 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or an equivalent mix of the two each week” (para. 2). With a combination of diet and exercises, patients can lose weight and keep it off, reducing their likelihood of becoming overweight. In return, this will also reduce the likelihood of developing obesity-related illnesses as mentioned above. Not only will physical activity reduce the likelihood of developing these diseases, physical activity can also help manage the condition and reverse some of the symptoms. For example, regular physical activity can help control blood glucose levels (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Weight-bearing exercises, especially resistance exercises, has the greatest effect on bone mineral density, hence, reducing the risk for osteoporosis (Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden, 2017).
Flegal, K. M., Graubard, B. I., Williamson, D. F., & Gail, M. H. (2018). Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity: An evaluation of potential bias.
Hales, C. M., Carroll, M. D., Fryar, C. D., & Ogden, C. L. (2017). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2015–2016.